The dominant species in the North Coast’s tidal zone will help you appreciate the beauty of nature.
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)
This bird has a snow-white body, with a black bill and black legs. Its neck and legs are long. It nests with cattle egrets and night herons in bamboo, acacia, or horsetail groves.
Taiwan Yuhina (Yuhina brunneiceps)
This bird has black eye-lines, but is white in the throat and breast. The plumage of the male is similar to that of the female. It likes to spend its time in dense trees and grass.
Long-tailed Shrike (Lanius schach)
Often seen alone in open areas and on farmlands at the edge of forests, this bird likes to rest on out-sticking branches or telephone wires. It has a short and powerful beak, a large head, and a relatively long tail. Its legs are strong and the claws are sharp. Its “ke-ke” call can often be heard.
Alfred stonecrop (Sedum formosanum N. E. Br)
Large numbers of Alfred stonecrop grow in patches over a wide area on the North Coast. The plant is fleshy, with the stem and leaves full of sap. When the golden flowers bloom, people stop to admire clusters of Alfred stonecrop.
Formosan lily (Lilium formosanum)
There are four species of native lily in Taiwan. The trumpet lily or Easter lily is often seen on the North Coast, blooming from April through May every year.
Golden spider lily (Lycoris aurea)
Also called surprise lily, or golden hurricane lily, it once covered a wide area along the coasts of northern and eastern Taiwan, but is now only found in coastal areas that have minimal human activities.
Dominant Species in the Tidal Zone
Black teeth oyster (Saccostrea mordax)
A large number of these oysters live on the reefs near the surface of the water. The oyster is a filter feeder and filters out floating plants and organic particles carried by the tide.
Gelidium amansii seaweed (Gelidium japonicum (Harvey) Okamura)
Commonly called “agar,” or “agar-agar,” this is one of the most important seaweeds on the northern and northeastern coasts. It can be turned into “agar jelly” (locally named “stone flower jelly”) or “stone flower ice.” It grows from February through April.